Saturday, December 5, 2015

Other Olympian Gods that sometimes included in the Greek pantheon

The Greek God of the underground world with his dog Cerberus.
Greek God Hades.
The are a number of Greek Gods that some times are included in the pantheon of Olympus. The reason is that there are different variation of the Greek myths and as a result in some areas the pantheon is different. The list also includes mythical heroes, such as Hercules.

Hades (or Pluto or Orcus): Greek God of the Underworld, dead and the riches under the Earth. He is the oldest son of Cronus and Rhea, brother of Zeus and Poseidon. He was born during the first period of Gods. Symbols include the Cerberus, cornucopia, sceptre, Cypress, Narcissus, and key. The reason that he is not included in among the twelve Olympians in the Mount Olympus is because as God of Underworld he was living there and not on the Mount.

The Greek God of medicine and healing Asclepius with  snake-entwined staff
Greek god medicine
Heracles (or Hercules): One of the greatest Greek Heroes, son of Zeus. As we discussed earlier, he was poisoned. As his body burns, only his immortal side is left, allowing with the help of Zeus to rise to Olympus as he dies.

Persephone (or Proserpina): She is the Queen of the Underworld. Hades kidnapped her and she became his wife. She is daughter of Demeter and Zeus. Also Goddess of spring time. The Greek Myth says that she has to spend six months in the underworld each year, creating the seasons when for six months everything grows and flourishes then for the other six months everything dies. Her symbols include the pomegranate, Deer, Seeds of Grain, willow tree, waterfalls, rivers and springs.

Asclepius (or Vejovis): The God of medicine. The rod of Asclepius, a snake-entwined staff, remains a symbol of medicine today. He is son of god Apollo and Coronis and he has nine children: Hygieia, Iaso, Aceso, Aglaea, Panacea, Machaon, Podalirius, Telesphoros, Aratus.

Greek God Hebe, Cup-bearer of Mount Olympus, holding a jug.
Greek goddess Hebe. She was the 
cupbearer for the Gods and 
goddesses of Mount Olympus.
Eros (or Cupid): The God of sexual love and beauty. He is the son of Aphrodite and Ares, although there are many variation about his parrents. His symbols include Bow, Arrows, Candles, Hearts, Cupids, Wings and Kisses.

Hebe (or Juventas): She is the daughter of Zeus and Hera. Hebe was the cupbearer for the Gods and goddesses of Mount Olympus. Later, when she married to Greek hero Hercules, she was replaced. Hebe was supposed to have the power to give eternal youth. Her symbols include wine-cup, eagle, and the fountain of youth.

Pan (Faunus or Silvanus): He is the God of the wild, shepherds, nature of mountain wilds, rustic music, fields, groves, and wooded glens. He was considered to be the God of theatrical criticism and he was also companion of the nymphs. There are many variables about his parents including: Hermes and Driope, Aphrodite, Penelope, or Hecate.