Thursday, December 17, 2015

Greek God Ares: God of war

Greek God Ares holding a shield  and wearing a helmet.
Greek God Ares holding a shield
and wearing a helmet.
Greek God Ares was the Greek God of war, violence, and bloodshed. He's is one of the most brutal Gods in the ancient Greek Mythology. He is included in the Greek Pantheon of 12 Gods and he is residing in the Mount Olympus. Symbols include the spear and shield, and less common are used the boar, dog, and vulture.

He is Son of Zeus and Hera, and he is the brother of Hebe and Eileithyia.
Most of the Gods didn't like him with one exception, Aphrodite.
After the Greek God of blacksmiths Hephaistos born, Hera cast him from heaven in disgust. Later, he sent gifts to Olympus, including a throne for Hera. But it was actually a trap, and Goddess Hera bound to the chair. Hera offered the goddess Aphrodite for marriage to the god who could release her. God Ares attempted to bring god Hephaistos back to mount Olympus but without success. God Dionysos suggested that Hephaistos should return and claim the prize of Aphrodite for himself. The problem is that  Aphrodite was the lover of Ares. This resulted in one of the most famous affairs, between Ares and Aphrodite.

Ares and Aphrodite have eight children: Erotes (Eros, Anteros, and Pothos), Phobos, Deimos, Phlegyas, Harmonia, and Adrestia. Moreover, Ares has numerous love affairs and abundant offspring are often alluded to. Famous consorts include the Muse Calliope, Demonice, Otrera, and Persephone.

Ares plays a limited role in Greek mythology. One the most famous involvement is on the Trojan War, where poet Homer describes in Iliad. Ares promised to goddesses Athena and Hera that he would fight with Achaeans against to Trojan. However, goddesses Aphrodite persuaded Ares to side with the Trojans. During the war, Diomedes fought with Hector and saw Ares fighting on the Trojans' side. Diomedes called for his soldiers to fall back slowly. Goddess Athena saw his interference and asked Zeus, for permission to drive god Ares away from the battlefield. God Zeus agreed with the request of goddess Athena and recovered god Ares. Hera mentioned to Zeus and other Greek gods that Ascalaphus (Ares' son) killed in the battle. God Ares got angry and requested to join the fight on the side of the Achaeans. Goddess Athena stopped him before entering again in the battle. Later, when Zeus allowed the gods to fight in the war again,  god Ares was the first to act, attacking goddess Athena for revenge.